Problems of losing local languages and possible solutions
Mohammed Saif 1712203
University Canada West
Professor: Chris Algeir
Problems of losing local language and possible solutions
Language is an essential element of the modern world because it empowers individual to convey and communicate. Losing a language is like losing history, culture, and tradition .Ostler (2000) Illustrates the expectation of many linguists say that half the worlds’ 6000 languages will be extinct or passing on by the year 2050. Languages are terminated double the rate of endangered mammals and four times the rate of vulnerable birds. If this movement continues, In future the world might be having just couple of dozen languages. Distinctive languages are utilized worldwide but, because of various reasons we have disconnected from our native language, Issue of losing local language is Globalization of English ; language extinction.
One of the significant impacts of losing the local language is Globalization. It creates an identifiable class of people who have a place with a developing worldwide culture. English is the first language in most of the developed countries of the world and leaning is a prerequisite to migrating to these countries. Fishman (1998) study emphasizes that a historically, the use local languages increase and decreased with the military financial, social cultural or religious powers that upheld them. There are different reasons to assume that the English language will, in the end, wind down in impact. Additionally, the sort of collaboration related to globalization due to communications trade has also support regionalization. For example according to Walker(2013) ted talk there are more than 2 billon people who speak English which impacted native language in many countries like china, India, southeast Asia. Moreover, walker also point outs that native language is a life. To overcome from this issue some efforts can be made. Fishman (1998) show few solutions to secure local language, Expanded territorial casual advertise interaction and relocation and driving territorial language saved around the world fair as there are in Africa. For instance Hindi is coming to modern learners in multilingual, multi-ethnic India.
Language extinction could be terminated language that not has any speaker. Numerous languages falling out of utilize and begin replaced by others that are increase wide utilized as a part of local and country. Ostler(2000) advocate the view that language disappearing accelerating fast nowadays for a few of identical reason as species termination population pressures and spread industrialization. In addition to this worldwide financial frequently power tiny nonindustrial networks to settle on between their conventional language and support in the expansive world. East Africans need to communicate in Swahili for progress; Central Europeans need to talk in Russian; and lately the complete appears communicating in English. Sometimes there language coexists with neighborhood dialect. More often, they replace it as an older speaker passes on and more youthful ones adopt more additional helpful tongue. (Tatsuya et al., 2014) States that Language extinction represented by small extend and speaker population size and sharply drop in the number of speakers which establish financial drivers and fundamental surroundings, causing more than one third of exiting languages to be debilitated based on criteria utilized for species. Threatened languages are various within the tropics However, In future the hazard of language losses are particularly in Northwestern North America and the Himalayas. These outcomes demonstrate that small-population language staying in financial created regions area unit are truly undermined by proceeded with speaker declines. For example as Ostler(2000) emphasizes that modern media have introduced a interesting phenomenon, providing kids a source of information about the world which is autonomous of the learning that originates from their senior citizen in their own posses community. Enailkele (2014) suggests some solutions to safeguard the language elimination, give ethno-historical data to the individuals which assist them to understand about the historical language. For example one of ways in which they can accomplish is by taking the first language to the youngsters.
In conclusion, every culture needs to protect its own heritage. Language is a crucial part of sense of identity. In my recommendation I strongly propose use inclusion of local and regional language in schools and their curriculum. Countries that have strong language presence should be encouraged to have two official languages one of their own origin and second can be English, By doing this we are achieving both objectives of being able to communicate with rest of the world and as also preserving national language and its identity As we have discovered that language holds an important place in cultural identity, we need to make conscious efforts to run programs to ensure that we are doing everything we can to protect the languages from going extinct
Enaikele, M. D. (2014). Etsako: An Anthropological Reflection of an Endangered Minority Language in Nigeria. Journal Of Pan African Studies, 7(4), 239-255.
Tatsuya, A., Brody, S., Heidi, E., Edouard, B., Jens-Christian, S., Bo, D., ; … William J., S. (2014). Global distribution and drivers of language extinction risk. Proceedings: Biological Sciences, (1793), 1.
Fishman. J. A. (1998). The new linguistic order. Foreign Policy, 113, (26) 26-39. doi: 10.2307/1149230.
Ostler, R. (2000). Disappearing Language. Whole Earth Catalogue. Retrieved August 6, 2018 from http://www.wholeearth.com/issue/2100/article/138/disappearing.language