George Orwell’s book Animal Farm is about the farm animals on Manor Farm rebelling against their oppressive ruler Mr. Jones (Tsar Nicholas II). Old Major (After the rebellion their life is peaceful and they are each fed more food than they were getting from Jones. After a while when Snowball (Leon Trotsky) and Napoleon (Joseph Stalin) have their battle for power, Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball of the farm so that their would be nobody to challenge his leadership. From there Napoleon becomes even more corrupt and greedy, and has anyone who is a threat to his rule severely punished. Animal Farm is an allegory that was published in 1945 and closely follows the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and into the Stalinist era.
Joseph Stalin is represented by the pig Napoleon, a greedy and powerful dictator who uses lies and deception to get the animals to follow him. Napoleon and Squealer constantly alter the Seven Commandments to better suit the pigs demands and desires without acknowledging and changes had been made. The Seven Commandment turn out to state the pig’s entitlements instead of the equality that Old Major had planned for all of the animals.
Leon Trotsky is represented by Snowball, who is more intelligent and had already won the loyalty of the other animals on the farm. After victory in the Battle Of The Cowshed, Snowball decides that he wants to spread communism throughout the world. But Napoleon (Stalin) just wanted to secure his leadership position on the farm.
The author uses real events of the Russian Revolution and from Stalin’s reign. The characters in the book represent real people for example; Vladimir Lenin (First leader of USSR) is represented by Old Major, and Vyacheslav Molotov, (Stalin’s Protégés and head of communist propaganda) is represented by Squealer.
The message of Animal Farm is that power can often lead to corruption and oppression. This is represented by Napoleon. As the story progresses he becomes more and more powerful, and makes the animals to do whatever he commands. The message behind the story is simple and easy to understand without having knowledge of the Russian Rovolution. Napoleon and the other pigs believe that they are better than the other animals and have higher social status, which was meant to be eliminated in one of the seven comandments stating that All Animals Are Equal, which is later changed to All Animals Are Equal, But Some Are More Equal Than Others.
To conclude, Animal Farm is an allegory written by George Orwell that reflects closely to the events of the revolution and into the Stalinist era of communist Russia.