It is a hearing condition categorized by the persons inability to hear that made an individual unbearable to understand speech through hearing alone. From the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is “a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification.” A hearing impairment so severe that the child cannot understand what is being said even with a hearing aid. It is considered that there are no hard rights and wrongs about the words people use to describe a person’s hearing loss. But, here are the generally accepted definitions.
• Deafened – people who were born with hearing and later lost much/all of their hearing.
• Hard of hearing – people who have lost some but not all hearing.
• deaf (lower case ‘d’) – people who have hearing loss; they may be born deaf or become deaf. They mix well in the hearing world and may communicate orally and be users of sign language.
• Deaf (upper case ‘D’) refers to people who are full members of the deaf community and who communicate almost exclusively with sign language.
• Hearing loss, hearing impaired – anyone with any level of hearing loss.
• Acquired hearing loss – people who were born with hearing and later lost some/all hearing.
• Acquired profound hearing loss – people who were born with hearing and later lost a significant amount or all of their hearing.
Here are the possible early signs that a child is having difficulty in hearing. Beforehand the age of 4 months, the baby does not turn their head toward a noise. By the age of 12 months, the infant still has not uttered a single word. Does not appear to be startled by a loud noise. The infant responds to you when they can see you, but respond far less or do not respond at all when you are out of sight and call out their name. The infant only seems to be aware of certain sounds. As time goes by more evident signs might be perceived in slightly older children such as, the child is behind others the same age in oral communication. When the child speaks, their utterances are not clear. Symptoms may be mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Parents who suspect something is wrong with their children in terms of hearing will initially go and see a doctor. The doctor will initiate physical examination, general screening test before diagnosing the condition of the child/ person. A patient with a mild hearing impairment may have problems understanding speech, especially if there is a lot of noise around, while those with moderate deafness may need a hearing aid. Some people who are severely deaf rely on lip-reading to communicate with others. People who are profoundly deaf can hear nothing at all and can find themselves totally reliant on lip-reading or sign language.
Lip reading is a technique for understanding spoken language by observing the speaker’s lip, facial and tongue movements. Also known as speechreading. Individual who became hearing impaired after they learned to speak can pick up lip reading promptly; this is not the case for those who are born hearing-impaired. Sign language is a language that uses signs made with the hands, facial expressions, and body postures, but no sounds. It is used primarily by those who are deaf. There are several different types of sign languages. British Sign Language (BSL) is very different from American Sign Language (ASL). For instance, BSL uses a two-handed alphabet, whereas American sign language uses a one-handed alphabet. Recently July 23 2018 President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11106 known as the Filipino Sign Language Act. In addition Sign language is completely altered from the spoken form, word order, and grammar in BSL is not the same as it is in spoken English. ASL is more grammatically similar to spoken Japanese than spoken English.
The NSO 2010 Census of Population and Housing surveyed 1.443 million are person with special needs. DSWD Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino (cct) of 2011 of 4,446,649 surveyed 27,972 of it has hearing impairment. . The 2000 Census of Population and Housing of the National Statistics Office of the Philippines shows total of 942,098 PWD, of whom 13.91% are hard of hearing, partially deaf, or totally 42 Higher Education for the Deaf in the Philippines deaf. Considering that only 4.13% of all PWD are academic degree holders.
Talking about the socialization between hearing individual and deaf people are still rampantly left out due to lack of communication access and language barrier. Still there are numerous communication strategies for us hearing to connect with deaf individuals. Effective communication strategies included interpreters, writing back and forth on paper and whiteboards, using Siri, texting, and willingness to teach and learn some basic Sign Language. Deaf culture