United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) noted that persons with disability (PWD) often exist to the poorest section of the population. According to UN Development Programme (UNDP), eight percent of persons with disabilities lie in developing countries. Also, report from World Bank at the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities in May 2008 estimated that 20 percent of the world’s poorest people have some kind of disability, and tend to be regarded in their own communities as the most disadvantaged.
In the Philippines, the National Council on Disability Affairs (NCDA), Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Department of Health (DOH), Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), Department of Education (DepEd), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) are the government agencies which carry out the various needs of PWDs by providing services and supports.
Whether public or private, as long as concerning disability issues and concerns, NCDA is the national government agency mandated to formulate policies and coordinate the activities of all agencies and is responsible for the registration of PWDs in collaboration with local governments, the DSWD and other organizations. It is the lead agency tasked to steer the course of program development for persons with disabilities and the delivery of services to the sector and to monitor the implementation of several laws to ensure the protection of PWDs civil and political rights.