Regarding to the private pipeline water connection of the households the response from sample respondents indicated, 61 (41.5%) of the respondents are using pipeline water connection, 86 (58.5%) of the households have not private pipeline water connection in the residence. Households not using pipeline water connection illustrated their problems of the water supply services like management condition, lack of money capacity, lack of pipeline, and lack of immediate response from the bureau.
4.3. Challenges of urban water supply and Distribution
Urban water supply and distribution services are the mainly significant infrastructures among the several and needs high investment to meet the demand of fast urbanization. Thus, as per the interview made with officials, such as general managers of STWSS, experts from health office and expert persons from water service, indicated improvement have been made in the provision of water supply in the town from time to time. But, there is still a huge gap between the supplies and demands of these services. This is due to inadequate finance, inadequate skilled man power, lack of community participation, lack of other organization, which engage in the provision of water supply service and fast population growth were the main challenges in the study area.
According to Rose (2009), there is lack of access to safe and clean water supply in the developing countries. Even though the issue of water was observed as a general problem for both the urban and the rural population. Mostly, poor people exist in urban areas to achieve a better economic growth rate and productivity, priority have to be given to the health of the people, for which provision of public utilities like water supply and distribution was crucial. Provision of safe and adequate water supply with sufficient sanitation service in urban areas were an important investment protections health and safety of the people living in urban areas, and safety, management and promotion of the environment, particularly in developing countries this was like with study area.
Table 4. 8: Challenges of water and supply distribution