Measles, also known as Rubeola, is a contagious disease which is spread through the transmission of droplets within the air, by sneezing or coughing. (Orenstein, Perry & Hasley, 2004)

When inhaled, symptoms such as an elevating fever, cough, inflammation; particularly around the eyes, and the increase in the level of fatigue occur within 2 to 3 days. (Orenstein, Perry & Hasley, 2004; Measles, 2017; White, Boldt & Jacobson, 2012)

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Within 5 to 6 days a rash will appear initially starting from the facial and neck region, gradually spreading around the body. It appears as white lesions on the skin covered in mucous. (Orenstein, Perry & Hasley, 2004; White, Boldt & Jacobson, 2012; Measles, 2017). The development of measles can spread to the oral regions of the victim and seen as white spots, called Koplick spots, which develops approximately 72 hours after the rash. (Measles, 2017; White, Boldt & Jacobson, 2012).

Gradually, Measles spreads and infect organs within the body, particularly around the respiratory and gastrointestinal regions. (Orenstein, Perry & Hasley, 2004). As a result, causes the increase in fluid loss with vomiting or diarrhea. (Selina & Chen, 2018)