Many factors helped promote America’s huge industrial growth, during the period from 1860 to 1900. Before industrialization, America was made up mostly of farms and small towns. The development of factories and urban cities soon changed all of this. The railway system expanded. There was an explosion of inventions and new products. Robber barons also had a major impact on industrialization. America became the world’s greatest industrial nation in history.
The Southerners began the Civil War, which sparked the start of industrialization. As the war came to an end, reconstruction within the country began to take place. Many inventions began to come up during the industrialization. The first commercially viable lightbulb was invented by Thomas Edison. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. The telegraph, steam engine, and the first affordable automobile. The transcontinental railroad was also put to together, it connected the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The transcontinental railroad allowed for the transportation of goods over long distances. This was especially helpful for the industrial north at the time.
During the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, there were many needs in the industry. A robber baron is a person who has become rich through ruthless business practices. Businessmen like John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie were considered robber barons. Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company, which created a monopoly over the oil industry. He did this by using horizontal integration. Carnegie founded the Carnegie Steel Company, which became the largest steel company. In contrast to Rockefeller, Carnegie used vertical integration. They both were industrialists and philanthropists.
The United States surprised the world by vecoming the number one industrial nation. The population increased from three million to thirty million, because of the wave of immigrants. There were many ways of communicating by this time. The railroad also helped unify the nation.