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Y/601/1437/Promote Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social Care or Children’s and Young People’s Settings

1.1 Explain what is meant by (a) diversity (b) equality (c) inclusion



means, that all people are different according to their values, beliefs, experiences, cultural background, skills, disability, gender, class, age, colour, ethnic or national origin. Each person needs to be treated us individual flower. We musn’t disrespect anyone only, because their cultural background is different to ours. We can give an example of a young women who can not do a personal care on older gentelman, because of her beliefs and cultural background. Instead of criticising what is ”new” for us, let’s treat it as opportunity to learn interesting things about someone’s background. It can be instructive to listein to the music from all over the world or go to the Chinese or Indian restaurant.

Early years curriculum framework follows the idea of positive pride of each individuum according to their background. It means, that we are all unique.We need to promote it at our workplace by introducing children to dfferent cultures. We can for example organise Polish day where young people can taste traditional food from Eastern Europe. Let’s spread to the world ideas about empathy, tolerance and respect to the foreign world. Foreign does not mean strange. It means fresh, new and positive.



means, that we all should be treated fairly, we all deserve the same help and support and we have got equal rights. Without these values child might feel discriminated, ignored and disrespected . It can also develop misunderstandings, deficiency of respect, confidence and self-esteem.

Equality does not mean, that we all have to be treated the same. Two people are never the same. We do not have identical hopes, needs, expectations. We need to respect children’s choices and let them be themselves in any way. We need to treat them as individuum. It will help them to be a part of equality of opportunity proces. It means, that each child has got access to the same opportunities to achieve their goals as others. Chances are the same. Children their have to be also treated with equal concern. It will let them to improve their development and learning skills. To get this result we need to care of each child exactly on the same level.

3) Inclusion

means including all people in society what helps them to achieve social well-being.

It also

represents our soild, creative and dynamic involvment into something. Being part of a team, community and creating values which are based on respect. We all should have the same learning opportunities. It does not matter who we are. Disabilities and different complications should not stop us from offering children and young people access to equal study possibilities.

Talking to people down and pretending, that we have got bigger knowledge and we are more evxperienced would not bring us succesfull effects in our work, because it can destroy confidence and self-esteem of our coleauges. Inclusion is like being a part of something, being a member of team where everyone brings different ideas, knowledge. It makes us feel valued and needed. As a result of this kind of practice we are creating victorious future for our children. Everyone shoul be included in our team and have a right to learn. Discrimination is not acceptable.

1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination

Discrimination represents unactable way of treating others connected with intolerance to the: cultural backrounds, disabilities, beliefs, gender, sexuality, race, religion. Person being affected by this occurence might feel unfairly excluded from the group. We need to promote positive behaviours at our work practice and try to eliminate this kind of situations. By reducing cases of discrimination we can create a positive environment at our workplace and concentrate much better on children’s development.

England is an international place where we can visibly experience thousands of different cultures everyday. I habe been a witness of unfairness being directed to people, because of they way they looked like (people wearing their traditional clothes), becauase of using foreign language on the street and many different examples. One of the form of discrimination is using offensive words, harmful jokes, racial remarks. situation like this should not happen in our work practice and anywhere else. We do have right to react, by educating person who does it to the others and explain how sad is it for someone who does experience it. We need to promote equality. I will try to describe now different forms of discriminations:

1) Racial discrimination: Some people believe than one race is better than another. We can give example from history where Adolf Hitler was trying to create perfect race by eliminating Jewish, Polish, Gypsies people from society. It was a very cruel way of judging people. There is no such a thing as one best, superior race. We mus not judge people by their skin colour. Example: They did not want to take my child to Scottish nursery, because i am Asian. I could not go for Muslin culture festival, because I am a Catholic.

We need to make sure, that our nursery have got up-to-date policy of equal opportunities and the policy is regulary checked and observed.

2) Disabilty Discrimination: Some children in our nursery might be disabled or impairent. To not discriminate them we need to have a special equipment which will let them to enjoy the time in the nursery on the same level as other children do. We must not organise activities being directed mostly to able-bodied children. Do not forget about equality.

3)Sex Discrimination: It happens when people of one gender belief, that they are superrior to another. Examples: Women ca’t be a taxi driver; Only men can drive a lorry; Women does not have look after the children; Women needs to be a houswife; Only men can fix my wasching machine

Discrimination is very often based on prejudice and stereotype:

A) Prejudice are based on assumptions. People believe, that racial prejudice is hypothesis that physical or cultural differences (in skin colour, dress, religious breliefs) are connected with smaller intelligence, ability, personality.(Examples: Redheads are spikeful; Overweight people are cheerfull: Irish like to drink; Blondes are less intelligent: People with glasses love to study a lot)

B) Stereotype is when people try to judge and create negative opinions about someone without actually knowing them. Opinions are very often based on unreal facts and negative speculations. Examples: Guys are messy and unclean; men are strong and do all the work; Girls are not good at sports; Mexicans are lazy and came into America illegally; All Arabs and Muslims are terrorists)

We can select two types of disciminations:

1) Direct discrimination means treating one person less fravourably than another on grounds of age, disability, sexuality, beliefs, civlil status, gender, race. Examples:1) I could not go for the job interview as a bus driver, because they did not want to employ women. Because of that I could not make my dreams come true and my chances to get job in this field are impossible.2) I wanted to work in Polish cultural centre, but because I was not a practising Catholic I did not get the job.

2) Indirect Discrimination: It can happen when particular group of children or young people is compared to another. I can be done in purpose or thougtless. Example can be when we ask children from specific background to wear a school uniform which might disagree with their cultural regulations.

Discrimination can really affect children’s life in the future. They might feel less confident and lack of self-esteem can affect their development. The might be scared of taking a risk and learning new things, because of worrying about being negatively judged. They can be scared to build a positive relationships with others, because of not believing in themselves. They can also follow the way of bringing stereotypes to their lifes and treating people exactly the same way how they have been treated, because that’s what they have learned from others. They can blame themselves for being treated like this and they might think, that they deserve this kind of treatment from others. They can develop aggresive attitude which might help them to build ilusory of strenght.

1.3 Explain how inclusive practice promotes equality and supports diversity

2.1 Explain how legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity and discrimination apply to own work role

2.2 Show interaction with individuals that respects their beliefs, culture, values and preferences

3.1 Demonstrate actions that model inclusive practice

3.2 Demonstrate how to support others to promote equality and rights

3.3 Describe how to challenge discrimination in a way that promotes change

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