In the 1830s

In the 1830s. The When Richard Roberts was introduced power loom to substitution with hand production methods. People began to use machines for efficient production. When human is compare their history, there is a tremendous change in the standards of living. There has been an unparalleled change in our living standards over the last half-century. In 1880, the average Japanese lifetime was 35 years, with the development of economic, life expectancy has risen to 83 years. After this, the average income of the worker in the United States has increased in significance. In 1930, the worker in the US would have had to work for 333 hours to buy a refrigerator. Today, The fridge has become the necessary appliances in everybody’s home (2013, Weil). We are no longer need to spend a month on the boat to cross the Pacific Ocean, that takes only ten-hours by plane from the US to China. Although the economic development is making our lives to be more convenient and more luxurious, at the same time, it also gives rise to environmental pollution. There has two group of people had the different attitude at environment and development.
Economic Development has the unavoidable conflict between with environment; humans gain wealth by plundering the resources form nature. During the developing economy flying, there is 7.6 billion population in the earth at today, that is five times of one hundred years ago (World Meters). Uncontrolled population growth was the negative impact towards any country and environment. As we know, China has the most population in this world, but space for people to live is limited. Because of dense population, it can trigger the problem of the housing; the food-supplying and significant amount of garbage pollution to the environment. Limiting population growth is an excellent way to result in a higher standard of living and will preserve the environment. We have a limit resource on the earth; a developing economy can lending global conflict with the source of energy (oil war). Oil has been an essential condition of industrial economies and modern militaries. At last hundred years, oil became a primary reason for war(2016, Michael Peck). To grow and develop the economy, In fact, oil meets 97% of the UK transport and industry’s needs. Besides, it benefits our lives because it is critical materials for the production of many essentials. All the chemical product has almost made by petroleum refining, such as plastics, fertilizers, detergents, paints and even pharmaceuticals, as well as a range of other products you might not think through (2015, Oil & Gas in the UK). So the economy necessarily needs ‘nutrient’ on sources of high-quality energy. We emit carbon dioxide to the atmosphere in enormous quantities by so much fossil fuel burning; it results in pollution and greenhouse effect. Not only that, Economic growth often has a negative effect on environmental. According to the World Bank report in 2014, the rate at which natural resources are degrading in many countries. Many people’s health was threatened by factors, which is air pollution, waterborne diseases and exposure to harmful chemicals, especially true in developing countries( Essays UK, 2013). Economic progress is an essential goal of every county, no one wants to stop that can gives millions of better livers. But we must adhere to the sustainable strategy that to progressing the economics. Earth cannot afford unlimited growth.
However, as the economy grows, people have realized in gradually that importance of protecting the environment. Humans are trying to replace fossil fuels with the new clean energy source, such as wind power, hydroelectric power, and solar power. In 2014, Canada had 542 hydroelectric stations with 78,359 megawatts of installed capacity. This accounted for 59.3 percent of Canada’s total electricity generation. Canada is the second largest producer of hydroelectricity in the world (2014 NRC). There is no direct relationship between economic growth and the deterioration of environmental. Although there was an initial deterioration at a period, it has subsequently followed by an improvement phase, which offset the effects of the decline (1994, Grossman, Krueger). The World Bank states that China had steady growth over the last quarter of the century, but it has had positive impacts on the environment by improved resource utilization, increased energy efficiency, pollution control efforts. from 2000 to 2005, development of needs energy consumption increased by 70%; coal consumption increased by 75%, air pollution emissions increased or remained unchanged (2017, World Bank). The development of the economy that can prosperity of the country and develop the products, when people can conquering the nature, and also can be rebuilt the environment, which is desert will be transformed into farmland. Economic development is the way to protect the environment. In long team, preserving the environment and economic growth are not contradictory.
In fact, there is no absolute waste on the Earth, and all things can be recycled. But in the human intervention that the deviation happened in this cycle, people almost destroy this cycle over the centuries. For example, when people developed the economy and making life better, there have some many animals become extinct, is a vicious circle. If we do not care about it, Earth’s resources will be consumed out. We need to protect our Earth and the life cycle. Prevention should be more “farsighted” and not always stare at the economic goals. It should be from the perspective of the humanities and natural to begin.