Cloud computing is one of a business solution that every enterprise uses. Many businesses moving to the cloud because cloud computing increases efficiency, effective and offer many more benefits. The benefits of cloud computing for Agriculture are listed in the following paragraph.
In order to meet the needs of agricultural informatization, the cloud computing service platform should be built up and applied in agricultural sector 29. It can not only lower the cost of agriculture but also greatly improve the capability of information service. According to the features of the agricultural sector in Ethiopia, the application of cloud computing will open up a vast storage of agriculture, the tracing management of agricultural products quality, the comprehensive data analysis of agriculture management, the intelligent monitor of the agricultural production process, and the service of comprehensive agriculture information.
Cloud computing can provide safe and reliable data storage, powerful computing ability, easy and fast internet service for agricultural information. The use of cloud service can make the vast data collected, stored, disposed and analyzed 30, which appears in the form of multimedia, such as words, pictures, sounds, and videos. It will break the limits of data storehouse and make it easy to store, process and use the agricultural information resources. Cloud storage has the advantages of low cost, safe and reliable data, non-stop service, easy to enlarge the capacity and to manage.
The agricultural production process involves vast and complicated information. It is difficult for farmers to directly use those firsthand data to instruct the agriculture production. Experts in agriculture can make an accurate judgment only by basing on quantitative analysis 31. Therefore, the production and management of agriculture need the support of intelligent and large-scale computing system. wean while agricultural information needs real-time collection and analysis based on the dynamic data appearing by the minute interval. The large-scale storage and computing power of cloud computing can effectively organize the scattered agriculture information on the internet and turn it into an organized information system. Thus, the information can be managed and controlled. Obviously, cloud computing is important and valuable in data storage, analysis, policymaking and direction of agriculture information. The advantages of the application of cloud computing in agriculture are low cost, convenience, and controllability 32. In terms of terminal price and infrastructure, cloud computing is far cheaper than the traditional IT framework. Limited by their own less education, farmers cannot make good use of computers and they need an easy-operated and less input system. The man-machine interface of cloud computing can make it possible to use the touchscreen and sound recognition, which will play an important role in the field of agriculture, making it easier to operate a computer and providing fast scientific direction and references for government policy-making.
The monitor of property, such as pig house and chicken house and greenhouse plants and orchard, the monitor of quality and growth process will greatly bring about more video data, which will cost a lot and be less safe if stored by individual farmers and businesses. While cloud computing can provide cheap storage service of agriculture video. The adoption of internet storage supported by cloud computing will not only lower the storage cost of the agriculture business but also improve the ability to monitor and alarm by using image recognition of cloud computing 33.
The prediction and analysis of agricultural product, market involves vast data factors and complex computing, which can be exact, rich and audio-visual if supported by cloud computing. The vast data and time rush resulted from agriculture e-commerce and agricultural products trading management, analysis and policy-making also require the support of better system computing capability. Similarly, the circulation and distribution of agricultural products involve far distance, more vehicles, and high efficiency. Large-scale monitor and analysis of GPS data of vehicles also need powerful computing capability.
Recently there have been many food safety accidents, which has been a public concern in society. To trace the responsibility involves agricultural products growing area, circulation and restaurants service 34. There are various types, growing areas, producers, processing and trading places, wide circulation, scattered customers. The data management and complicated computing need the support of cloud computing, which can be highly efficient, accurate, rich and audio-visual. Take pork quality tracing for example, from growing area to dining table, it must guarantee that all pigs have labels, in which the primary production and health records are documented.