Blanke, J. M. (2001). Jurimetrics. CRIMINAL INVASION OF PRIVACY: A SURVEY OF COMPUTER CRIMES , 443-463 (21 pages).
For years computers have provided effective means for collecting and storing data. The combination of more powerful computers, the World Wide Web, and large databases has dramatically changed the quantity and quality of data that may be readily available to even a novice user. Some of these data include personal and private information. As is always the case when technology produces dramatic changes, the law must change to keep pace with these advances. When new abuses arise, new remedies and sanctions inevitably follow. This pattern is emerging with respect to online data protection and online privacy. Part I of this Article discusses the creation and development of the right to privacy and the tort of invasion of privacy. Part II examines computer crime legislation and statutes that criminalize invasion of privacy.

Denning, P. J. (1990). American Scientist. The Science of Computing: Stopping Computer Crimes , 10-12 (3 pages).
Network intruders some would call themselves explorers or liberators. Some have found ways of using net works to dial into remote computers, browse through their contents, and work their way into other computers. They have become skilled at cracking the password protocols that guard computers and adept at tricking the operating systems into giving them superuser or system manager privileges. They have also created programs called worms and viruses that carry out these actions unattended and replicate themselves endlessly. Electronic surrogates that can prowl the network independent of their creators. We can expect steady increases in acts of crime, espionage, vandalism, and politic

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Eve R. Pogoriler, D. G. (2010). The International Lawyer. National Security , 535-546 (12 pages).
The year 2009 was an active one for prosecuting violations of the law of war. The trial of former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic began before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) on October 26, 2009. Karadzic, representing himself, at first boycotted his trial, protesting the amount of time he was given to prepare. In response, the ICTY Trial Chamber requested that the Tribunal’s Registrar as- sign Karadzic counsel and postpone trial to give assigned counsel time to prepare. Karadzic is one of the three highest profile persons indicted by the court; along with former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, who died during trial in 2006; and Bosnian Serb military leader, Ratko Mladic, who is still at large. Karadzic is charged with crimes against humanity, violations of the law of war and genocide, in part for his involvement in the siege of Sarajevo from 1992-95 and for the massacre of Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica in 1995.

Pomeranz, F. (1988). The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Technological Security , 70-81 (12 pages).
This article focuses on the main Israeli decision makers, reviews their perceptions of the changing strategic environment, and analyzes the dilemmas and policies with respect to Israel’s main national security components. A review of the period shows much continuity. The pattern of decision making remained highly centralized. Many of the Israeli leaders were socialized in the defense establishment.Yitzhak Rabin was the towering figure for most of the period.The main elements of Israeli strategic thinking remained constant.Israel did not succumb to the temptation to adopt an open nuclear strategy. The Israeli level of threat perception became lower primarily because of the emergence of a more benign international environment. We see in the 1990s a slight departure from past premises and policies, although all in all, it can be said that Israel has not fundamentally changed its security doctrine during the period reviewed here

Satapathy, C. (1998). Economic and Political Weekly. Law for Computer Misuse and Data Protection , 2639-2640.
IT was argued earlier that a legal framework is necessary to confer functional equivalence on electronic data messages so that they could replace ‘written’. ‘signed’ and ‘original’ documents of title and contract . This paper examines the need for special legislation to cope up with some of the new mischiefs such as hacking, viruses, etc, that have unfortunately accompanied the development of modern computer technology. With rapid growth in the use of computers in government offices, banks and business enterprises apart from scientific, industrial and defence establishments, the question relating to adequacy of existing criminal law to effectively deal with computer- related crimes has assumed greater urgency.

Welke, D. W. (1998). MIS Quarterly. Coping with Systems Risk: Security Planning Models for Management Decision Making , 441-469 (29 pages).

Information security continues to be ignored by top managers, middle managers, and employees alike. The result of this unfortunate neglect is that organizational systems are far less secure than they might otherwise be and that security breaches are far more frequent and damaging than is necessary. The underlying problem is that many managers are not well versed on the nature of systems risk, likely leading to inadequately protected systems. Organizational information systems today remain in jeopard.

Tadros, V. (2008). The Modern Law Review. Wiley on behalf of the Modern Law

Review.Whatever its qualities, Skegg’s book is unsatisfactory in its perception of what forms the corpus of medical law in the 1980s. A book such as Skegg should go further than its predominantly criminal law base. As more of the issues of medical law are litigated, lawyers and others will become increasingly aware that medical law is a subject in its own right. No longer can the student and scholar of the subject be content to “read lots of strange American cases, the odd Commonwealth decision, and maybe some English nineteenth-century cases on crime,”40 he must consider the pertinent modern English cases and, above all, do some hard thinking about the legal and ethical issues involved. Skegg will probably be his starting point for the law, at least for some of it, but the subject is still searching for a comprehensive book.

Richards, R. K. (1989). The Academy of Management Executive . Academy of Management.

The primary goal of The Executive is to provide practicing executives with relevant management tools and in- formation based on recent advances in management theory and research. The Executive directly supports the Academy of Management’s main objectives, which are to foster the general advancement of research, learning, teaching, and practice in the management field, and to encourage the extension and unification of management knowledge. Articles for The Executive should enhance knowledge about the process of managing an organization, as well as reflect techniques, trends, and issues growing out of management research of significance