A typical experiment begins on Earth in the laboratory with the landing of sleeping Arabidopsis seeds in Petri dishes with nutritive gel. This gel (in contrast to the soil) is kept in place in weightlessness and provides the plant with the necessary water and nutrients. These plants are then wrapped in a dark cloth, delivered to the Kennedy Space Center and loaded into the Dragon capsule on top of the Falcon 9 missile that flies to the ISS.
After docking, the astronaut loads the cups into plant growing equipment. The light stimulates the seeds to unfold, the cameras constantly record the shoot germination process, and at the end of the experiment the astronaut collects 12-day plants and stores them in conservation tubes.