University has a great emphasis on society. Organisation plays a very important role both national and international level. University needs a substantially amount of energy for various functions that are carried out within the university e.g. Research activities, teaching, conducting conference, workshop etc. some of the universities are the frontrunners in research, entertainment, and many other activities then energy demand is further more consuming, these kinds of events eventually gives to carbon emissions and it has a huge effect on environment.
As global warming is increasing due to green house gas particularly carbon di oxide in the environment, Government has made a rules and regulations that plans to decrease the release of carbon and shift towards depleted carbon economy for all the institutions as well as the organisations. As per 2008 climate change act UK’S the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has to be reduce at least to 80% by 2050 compared to baseline (1), further this act also aims to 2020 interim target of around 34% cut in emissions. Higher Education Funding Council for England aids Higher education Institutions to implement goals (2) as a result university are demanded to set strategies and goals for direct and indirect emissions e.g. fossil fuels, emissions sources (from scope1 and scope 2 GHG corporate standard) by 2020 compared to 2005. Many universities like Demount forte university, university of Lancaster, university of York, are committed to lessen the carbon emissions and try to overwhelm by shifting management strategies e.g. strategic approach, targeting, monitoring, reviewing, which delivers sustainable environment.
1.1 Organisation context.
University /corporate /organisation is recognised as an ecological sustainable through different ongoing activities takes place and their carbon emissions within the university. Implementing action plans and methodology to limit the carbon emissions and without interfering the university ranking is the measure of the sustainability. In this report university of Leicester is considered as an organisation.
It is also a part of the universities CSR responsibility to recognise the energy intense process and to mitigate the carbon emissions by adopting strategies.
Most usually corporate standard protocol Greenhouse gas is used for GHG emissions in the globe. This GHG emissions structured emissions in to three scopes which are given below.
Scope 1. Emissions generated directly from the sources that are under the control of an organisation e.g gas discharges from automobiles, combustion of boilers, furnaces etc.
Scope 2. Emissions produced from indirect discharges like heat or steam used by the organisation, purchased electricity. 3
Scope 3. It includes all other indirect emissions which affect the activities of the university but these practices are not under the control of the university for example emissions from goods and services, travelling of the students and staff, waste disposal. 1
To limit the carbon emissions and to maintain the sustainability, water and food resources supplies are reviewed and preference is given based on the resources generating minimum carbon emissions.
1.2 Emissions from university.
University are usually connected both at national and international level, emission of carbon arises from different activities are
Building energy emissions. Emissions from fossil fuel consumption (Natural gas), grid electricity emissions, emissions from biomass, combustion from boilers, heat and steam generating system runs to direct emissions of gas to the environment. These processes are under the control of the university. The electricity demand for university is huge, and it indirectly contributes to the carbon emissions. Purchase of electricity is under the university control.
There are other indirect emissions like part time and full-time staff and student commuting, the amount of journey they make, mode of transport they use. Student trips from home to university, air travel from international students. Business travel on different modes like road, train, air etc. Visitors travel like parents, friends, staff and students from other universities visiting, business people from another organisation.
Procurement emissions like construction waste, paper and plastic waste, chemicals and glassware’s waste, water and sanitation, food waste etc.