Parkinson’s disease is a neurological progressive disorder, which affects the nervous system eventually affecting the body movement. The current treatment options for Parkinson’s disease are more focused on symptom control, as the disease does not have a cure. Some of the early treatment methods include surgery, which was replaced after the discovery of levodopa, which is injected into the brain to produce dopamine, which is responsible for the development of Parkinson’s disease. Current research has also concentrated on developing ways to modify the disease progression, which may lead to a cure to the disease. One of the treatment methods for Parkinson’s disease involves injecting fetal tissue into the brain of the patient suffering from the disease, which is aimed at replacing damaged brain cells and other nerve cell groups.
Stem research is also another treatment methods used to treat Parkinson’s disease, which involves making dopamine cells from the human embryonic stem cells. This is based on the fact that Parkinson’s disease causes gradual loss of the cells which produce dopamine in the brain. Embryonic stem cells are responsible for maintaining and repairing the tissue or organ of their origin. Scientists are able to make dopamine cells from these stem cells and transplant them into the brain to replace the lost cells attributed to the disease. Fetal tissue transplant involves the injection of fetal brain cells into the brain of a patient suffering from Parkinson’s disease. These brain cells then start producing dopamine which is the brain chemical responsible for signaling which a low level of this chemical results in the Parkinson’s disease.
This treatment is successful in patients who use this treatment method, as they are able to stop taking their Parkinson’s drugs, which are used to produce dopamine. There are evolving therapies aimed at addressing the Parkinson’s disease since the development of the disease. The treatment methods have developed over the time with the earlier treatment methods focusing on addressing the symptoms of the disease. Other developments involve procedures to reduce or stop the progression of the disease. In the modern times, medications and surgeries are used to help patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease address their symptoms.
Some of the current therapies in addressing Parkinson’s disease involve cell replacement, which aims at replacing dopamine, which is the chemical responsible for the development of Parkinson’s disease. These therapies are coming closer to the discovery of a cure, as they are deeper compared to the early interventions which involved addressing the symptoms of the disease only. Current controversies involve the use of levodopa in treating Parkinson’s disease. Some of the major arguments include the toxicity of levodopa, which may lead to complications of the dopamine neurons. This may lead to issues that are more serious and worsening of the symptoms for Parkinson’s disease.